Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Dichanthelium oligosanthes
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
Do000184.1AP2 family protein
Do001526.1AP2 family protein
Do001828.1AP2 family protein
Do002241.1AP2 family protein
Do003392.1AP2 family protein
Do005269.1AP2 family protein
Do006685.1AP2 family protein
Do006929.1AP2 family protein
Do008465.1AP2 family protein
Do010196.1AP2 family protein
Do010286.1AP2 family protein
Do011504.1AP2 family protein
Do012367.1AP2 family protein
Do012462.1AP2 family protein
Do012492.1AP2 family protein
Do012631.1AP2 family protein
Do014254.1AP2 family protein
Do015726.1AP2 family protein
Do016661.1AP2 family protein
Do016847.1AP2 family protein
Do018034.1AP2 family protein
Do019029.1AP2 family protein
Do019144.1AP2 family protein
Do019264.1AP2 family protein
Do020547.1AP2 family protein
Do020574.1AP2 family protein
Do023811.1AP2 family protein
Do025586.1AP2 family protein
Do026643.1AP2 family protein
Do026842.1AP2 family protein
Do010236.1AP2 family protein
Do010198.1AP2 family protein
Do025951.1AP2 family protein
Do015992.1AP2 family protein
Do003557.1AP2 family protein
Do013993.1AP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102